A Contribution to Western Pennsylvania Pharmacy

A History of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy 1878-1958

Appendix I

The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy: Corporation, trustees, State Board Representatives, Deans, Administrative Officers


  1. Members of the College Corporation
  2. Presidents of the College (with biographies)
  3. Officers and other Principals of the College
  4. Members of the Board of the College
  5. Chairmen of the Board of the College
  6. Representatives to the University Board of trustees (with biographies)
  7. Representatives from the University on the College Board (with biographies)
  8. Representatives and Alumni of the College Serving on the State Pharmacy Board
  9. Deans of the College with biographies (1891-1958)

Members of the College Corporation
Abel, Joseph, 1878-1886 Elected honorary member April 4, 1887
*Amsler, Ira G., 1918.1948
Anthes, Philip, 1893-1899
Armor, A., 1878-1889
Aschman, Frederick T., 1893-1925
Barnett, J. D., 1893-1896
Bachman, Charles F., 1893-I 895
Beal, George D., 1927-1948
*Beal, James H., 1904-1947
*Beach, C. H., 1878-1906
Beach, W. S., 1878-1889
Beck, John, 1881-1896
Beckert, Theodore F., 1878-1884
Beighley, William A., 1919-1929
Bender, Abner G., 1878-1896
Bimber, G. L., 1895-1898
Blanck, Hugo, 1882-1893
*Blumenschein, Frederick J., 1903-1948
Boas, D. K., 1885-1886
Boyd, J. S., 1878-1879
Brandl, Herman Joseph, 1941-1948
*Brehm, Frederick J., 1896-1948
*Brehm, Louis, 1878-1908
Brill, W. H., 1878-1882
Brown, Thomas A., 1925-1933
Brown, Thomas S., 1896 honorary member; died 1934
Bunt, R. D., 1878.1879
Burford, Ethan A., 1898-1899
Burry, Bertram, 1906-1907
Burkett, Karl S., 1918.1936
CaIdwell, C. F., 1878.1879
Campbell, Charles C., 1924-I 948
*Cappell, Theodore, 1895-1924
Castner, Louis C., 1879-1888
Cherry, James B., 1878-1891
Claus, Edward P., 1935-1948
Clifford, H. A., 1885-1886
Coldren, Ira Burdett, 1927-I 936
Cowley, John, 1878-1879
Craig, Burton L., 1933-1948
*Darbaker, Leasure K., 1909-1948
Daubert, Bernard F., 1942-1947
Davis, Charles W., 1888-1890
Davis, David, Jr., 1878-I 879
Davis, W. W., 1878.1890
DeBrunner, H. G., 1879-1880
Denslow, J. C., 1924
Dice, William, 1905
Dittler, F. A., 1878
Doerflinger, Theodore, 1878
Donnelly, E., M.D., 1878-1879
Dosch, B. G., 1878
Duff, Emerson L., 1878
Eble,Charles, 1878-1882
Eggers, Fred H., 1878
Eggers, Fred W., 1886
Ehrstein, Joseph, 1878
*Einstein, Morris, 1886
Eisenbeis, G., 1878
*Emanuel, Louis, 1878
Fahnestock, B. L., 1878
Fahnestock, Benjamin S., 1878
Fahnestock, Levi, 1879
Finkelpearl, Henry, 1890
Fleck, F. R., 1878
Fleming, Joseph, 1878
Foster, George E., 1878
Foster, Mansfield, 1878
*Gaw, Robert R., 1919
George, Harold V., 1937
Gicquelais, Louis C., 1924-1948
Gillespie, E. N., 1892-1895
Glamser, Anton, 1978-1898
Gleim, Perry M., 1878-1896
Goldsmith, Edwin R., 1898-1899
Gorenstein, Isadore, 1929-1948
Grabowski, John F., 1919-1929
Green, Charles, 1883-1884
Griggs, I. Paul, 1921-1936
Grunewald, J. T., 1900-1902
Guttenberg, Gustave, 1894-I 895
Haering, D., 1886-1899
Hahn, J. L., 1886-I 887
Hainer, R. M., 1892-1893
Hamilton, Dan C., 1878-1879
Hamilton, L. M., 1878-1879
Handmacher, Alexander S., 1921-1929
Hantz, C. Nelson, 1905-1907
Harris, Levi H., M.D., 1878-1890
Hauch, Charles, 1878-1879
Hauch, Louis, 1878-1879
Hays, Joseph A., 1893-1896
Heffly, R. J., 1893-1894
Heidenreich, William F., 1899-1906
Henderson, A. K., 1878-1899
Henderson, Joseph, 1878-1880
*Henderson, Randal W., 1897-1948
Hewitt, Lemuel E., 1893-1899
Hieber, Theodore W. D., 1878-1880
Hill, John B., 1878-1882
Hixenbaugh, W. S., 1890-1891
Holden, E., 1878-1890
Holland, Samuel S., 1878-1898
Hollander, J. M.
Hood, Claude W., 1925-1937
Hughes, William, 1878-1899
Hull, C. S., 1892-1893
Hunter, J. E., 1878-1879
Ihrig, Theodore E., 1891-1906
Jackson, S. Howard, 1893-1894
Jamison, Samuel C., 1892-1899
Johnson, Ralph H., 1905-1924
Jones, Fred W., 1906-1924
Jones, Will S., 1884-1890
*Judd, Albert F., 1897-1947
Kaercher, A. J., 1878-1898
Kelly, George A., 1878-1898
Kerr, James, Jr., 1878-1895
Kimberly, G. W., 1882-1883
Kimmell, Joseph, 1878-1889
Kinney, Joseph M., 1878-1879
Klotz, A., 1878-1887
Knapp, P. P., 1906-1920
Knode, J. C., 1893-1896
*Koch, Julius A., 1884-1948
*Koenig, Adolph, M.D., 1885
*Kossler, Herman S., 1903
Kreidle, A. W., 1878
Kretz, Edward J., 1906
Kurtz, .. 1878
*Kutscher, George W., 1890
*Labowitz, David, 1919
Labowitz, Edward, 1927
Lanning, A. Roy, 1904
Laufe, Joseph H., 1942
Lawrence, W. E., 1893
Lewis, D. E., 1903-1904
Lindsay, J. B., 1878-1884
*Lohmeyer, Henry L., 1897-1932
Lytle, J. M., 1884-1885
Lytton, George W., 1888-1895
Mangold, Ernest, 1885-1896
Mays, G. W., 1878-1879
Means, Ralph W., 1878-1887
Means, Walter E., 1942-1948
Meckelburg, A., 1878-1879
*Mendelson, Jacob I., 1922-1942
Mercer, J. D., 1899-1906
*Mierzwa, Richard, 1895-1948
Miller, John W., 1887-1891
Minnick, William G., 1888-1898
Moore, Thomas F., 1894-1895
Morgan, Edgar T., 1903-1924
Murphy, John F., 1890-1891
Musselman, D. Z., 1890-1891
McAleer, J. Stanley, 1945-1948
McAdams, William J., 1896-1901
McBride, Homer J., 1884-1899
McClarran, Newton, 1878-1881
McCulloch, Frederick W. M., 1918-1931
McCullough, John S., 1889-I 890
McCullough, P. A., 1889-1890
McDonough, Oscar, 1892-1893
McElroy, Samuel, Jr., 1880-1884
McGann, M. J., 1878-1889
McGinnis, Frank S., 1925-1947
McHenry, Thomas, 1878-1888
McKee, E. H., 1894-1895
McKelvey, James G., 1878-1879
McKennan, John T., 1878-1879
Neely, Joseph F., 1884-1898
Nesbit, W. W., 1879-1898
*Nied, Edward C., 1919-1948
Nixon, Simeon J., Jr., 1897-1898
Nourse, Charles F., 1878-1879
*O'Connell, C. Leonard, 1922-1948
O'Donnell, H. J., 1903.1906
Oglevee, William H., 1896-1906
Ostrow, Harry L., 1945-1948
Over, Ed. W., 1878-1879
Paley, Philip, 1934-I 941
Park, Joseph, 1878-1879
Parke, James M., 1878-1879
Patrick, Elmer A., 1896-1906
Phillips, John H., 1942-1948
Phillips, Prof. Francis, 1878-1902
Pritchard, Benjamin E., 1904-1925
Poth, A. Herman, 1894-1895
Pyatt, GeorgeW., 1878-1879
Rankin, Alfred J., 1878-1880
Rankin, Edgar A., 1896-I 897
Reed, John T., 1884-1885
Rees, John G., 1944-1948
*Reif, Edward C., 1919-1948
Reiter, W. C., M.D., 1878-1880
Rickard, Chauncey, 1933-1948
Richards, George W., 1892-1893
Robertson, A. C., 1878-1903
Robertson, Murrell Dewey, 1944-1948
Rodemoyer,WilliamE., 1899-1933
Rogers, Charles J., 1895-1899
Rousch, David W., 1923-1937
Rott, Louis, 1878-1880
*Saalbach, Carl, 1906-1932
*Saalbach, Louis, 1896-1948
Sawhill, W. W., 1878-1898
*Schaefer, Charles H., I89~-I948
*Schaefer, Emil A., 1886-1942
*Schiller, Fred, 1922-1948
Schmidt, Adolph, 1919.1937
Schmidt, G. W., 1878-1879
Schmidt, Henry, 1878-1884
Schirmer, William G., 1878-1918
Schuchman, William, 1896-1906
Schwarm, Charles, 1878-1889
Schwartz, H. P., Elected honorary member 1878
Schwartz, Thomas M., 1888-I 891
Siegfried, H. J., 1906-1924
Seitz, Fred G., 1878-1879
Seegman, Meyer P., 1905-1924
Shafer, John A., 1884-1906
Shipley, Charles H., 1887-1889
Shrom, Charles B., 1888-1889
Simpson, W. S., M.D., 1878-1879
Sims, James C., 1925-1948
Smith, G. F., 1891.1892
Spatz, Joseph M., 1905-1918
Spear, John D. P., 1919-1929
Spilker, H. A., 1899-1906
Sphne, R., 1885-I 889
Spring, Edward, 1878-1879
Steitz, Louis, 1878-1899
Stenger, B. J., 1878-1899
Stephenson, John V., 1878-1879
Stevens, S. Henry, M.D., 1878-1888
Stevenson, J. H., 1890-1891
Stewart, Samuel, 1878-1883
Stiefel, Ernest C., 1889-1890
Stokely, Joseph, 1878-1880
Straessly, FrankX., M.D., 1889-1899
Stright, S. A., 1906-1924
Stucky, Emil G., 1878-1890
Sturgeon, Walter, 1933.1936
Sutter, William, 1897-1902
Swearer, J. L., 1878-1880
Templeton, J. G., M.D., 1878-1889
Thompson, Barnard, 1945.1948
Thompson, D. C., 1878-I 880
*Thompson, John R., 1905-1948
Torrence, Albert, 1884-1889
*Totten, R. M., 1892-1941
Urben, A. T. B., 1878-I 889
Urben, Joseph P., 1878.1898
Vance, William S., 1896-1898
Van Meter, Clarence T., 1942-1944
Wagner, John H., 1891.1892
Walker, F. W., 1878-I 888
Wallace, John C., 1909-1927
*Walter, Peter G., 1906-I 934
Walters, P. W., Jr., 1878-1879
Walther, Charles L., 1884-I 896
Ward, E. S., 1878-1879
Wardlaw, William D., 1925-1937
*Weber, Peter, 1878-1912
Weller, E. V., M.D., 1892-1893
Wentling, Samuel L., 1892-I 893
Wessels, J. G., 1885-I 886
White, D. G., 1882-1883
Whitman, William H., 1947-1948
Wick, Floyd B., 1920-1921
Willetts, Charles E., 1920-1930
Wilson, Albert H., 1879-1898
Wilson, Stephen, 1942-1948
Wirsing, T. R., 1893-1924
*Wolf, Oliver F., 1919-1930
Woods, Frederick H., 1924-1927
*Wurdack, John H., 1916-1948
Wurzel, Henry, Jr., 1878-1879
Wynkoop, U. G., 1886-1887
Yellig, Dan, 1905-1924
Yohe, George C., 1925-1948
Young, David B., 1937-1948
Young, George Fleming, 1942-1948

*Life Member

Presidents of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy


  1. George A. Kelly, 1878-1889
  2. Frederick H. Eggers, 1889-1893
  3. Archibald C. Robertson, 1893-1897
  4. Louis Emanuel, 1897-1942
  5. John R. Thompson, 1942-1948

George A. Kelly (Sr.)

First President of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

First Chairman of the Board of Directors

Born in Pittsburgh in 1832 at Penn Avenue and St. Clair Street (now Sixth Avenue). Married to Miss Agnes Roseburg. Four children; George A. Kelly Jr., Samuel R. Kelly, Grace R. Kelly and Agnes R. Kelly.

Activities in the Drug Business

At a very early age Mr. Kelly entered the drug business as an apprentice with Henry P. Swartz. He was with Mr. Swartz for ten years, after which he became connected with the banking business in which he served a few years. In 1857 he returned to the drug business and had a retail store on Federal Street at the intersection of the Pennsylvania Railroad. This store was managed by James R. McClelland. Mr. Kelly next established a wholesale and retail store at the corner of Federal and Rebecca Streets, Allegheny, under the name of Beckham and Kelly. His partner was Colonel Lee C. Beckham, a southerner, who joined the Confederate Army in 1861 and never returned north.

In 1858 Mr. Kelly opened another store at Federal and Robinson Streets, Allegheny. When the new Allegheny market was built he opened a retail store in this building with Romolus B. Cool as manager. A pharmacy still operates in this location as of this day. Mr. Kelly disposed of his retail stores and ventured into the wholesale drug business at 211 Wood Street. In this venture Robert Snodgrass was a partner but withdrew when Mr. Kelly moved to Wood Street and Second Avenue. The story of this business is one of continuous growth. In 1870 Captain Jehu P. Smith and Mr. Kelly bought out the business of B. A. Fahnestock Son & Co. established in 1829 which at one time was the largest wholesale drug house in the United States.

In 1888 Mr. Kelly's two sons, George A. Kelly Jr. and Samuel R. Kelly, were admitted to partnership in the firm and in 1892 the business was incorporated under the name of George A. Kelly Co. The two sons carried on the business after his death and until their demise. The business at the present time is conducted under the very able leadership of a granddaughter, President Eleanor P. Kelly. In 1898 the company moved from First Avenue and Wood Street to Cherry Way and Seventh Avenue and in 1913 moved to its present location at 9th Street and Duquesne Way.

College of Pharmacy Activities

From the time of the first informal meeting which was held at the Monongahela House on September 7, 1871 until The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy was chartered in 1878 Mr. Kelly was active in this group of forward looking druggists. This group recognized the dire need for an educational pattern to train and instruct future pharmacists. Mr. Kelly was the first president of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy, now the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy (1948), and held this position until the College was well established when he relinquished the presidency in 1889. He also served as the chairman of its Board of trustees. Mr. Kelly contributed materially during the early days of the school and it was due to his judgment, counsel and guidance that the college successfully passed the critical stages of its early existence.

Other Pharmaceutical Activities

In 1878 Mr. Kelly became an active worker in the Western Association of Wholesale Druggists and in 1879 served as 3rd vice-president. This organization changed its name on November 5, 1882 to the National Association of Wholesale Druggists and he was made 2nd vice-president and on September 13, 1888 was made president. In 1881-1882 he served as president of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association.

Civic Activities

In 1873 Mr. Kelly was appointed by the Supreme Court as an inspector of the Western Penitentiary and continued in that position for 30 years. From 1879 to 1884 he served as treasurer of the Board of Inspectors of the prisons of the state and from 1884 until 1902 as President. It was his clear judgment and deep conviction which led him to advocate education and training, in useful occupation, for prisoners. He is considered as one of the very early pioneers in the field of rehabilitation in this area. He was also a member and supporter of the Art Society of Pittsburgh.

Mr. Kelly was a signer of petition for the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce and served as a director from 1874 until his death. He was also secretary from 1878-79; vice-president 1883-91; and was elected president the same year. In 1878 he was elected a trustee of the Western Theological Seminary. He also served as vice-president of the Shipping and Industrial League. In 1886 he was elected vice-president of the Merchant and Manufacturers National Bank which position he held until his death. He was also a director of the Pittsburgh Savings Bank.

He was one of the petitioners to erect and maintain a hospital and have it incorporated for that purpose. A charter was subsequently granted to the Allegheny General Hospital and Mr. and Mrs. Kelly were both active in this work and supported it financially. He also was a member of the Board of Incorporaters of the Allegheny Cemetery and in this capacity he served until his death. He was a member of the Duquesne Club which was organized on June II, 1878 and incorporated November 28, 1881.

Religious Activities

Mr. Kelly was a very devout and religious man. He was a member of the Third Presbyterian Church in which he took an active part from 1850 until 1867. On March 15, 1867 he united with the Sewickley Presbyterian Church where he served as a trustee until 1873, when he transferred to the North Presbyterian Church and served as an elder until 1892. In this year he transferred his membership to the East Liberty Presbyterian Church, where he was installed as an elder in 1896 and served in this capacity until his death.

Mr. Kelly had a long life of honor and his innumerable good deeds leave a rich heritage to those who were nearest him. No man was better known in civic circles than George A. Kelly, Sr. He had rigid rules of honesty which were widely known and respected. He was quiet and earnest in manner but at the same time was very determined in his convictions. He always took an active part in everything that concerned the progress of Pittsburgh. He enjoyed the reputation for conservatism and integrity. He was a friend at all times of young men and many owe their success in life to the kindly advice and assistance of Mr. Kelly. He gave his services cheerfully to the public without thought of compensation. He was the moving spirit in many ventures that helped to advance the interest of the community. He was also interested in charity and church work.


Frederick H. Eggers, 1889-1893

Frederick H. Eggers was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania on July 6, 1841, the son of Ernest and Barbara Eggers. He graduated from the public schools of Allegheny and from the Sewickley Academy. Mr. Eggers began his apprenticeship in pharmacy with Dr. Zwinger. He subsequently owned drug stores at 172 East Ohio Street and at the corner of Chestnut and Ohio Streets, Allegheny, Pennsylvania and in the Monongahela House in Pittsburgh. Mr. Eggers was active in his profession until his death, July 6, 1900.

Mr. Eggers was a member of the Corporation of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and served as its president from 1889 until 1893. Mr. Eggers was one of the first board members of the Avery trade School which was located in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He also served as President of the Teutonia National Bank of Allegheny, and as a member of the Pennsylvania State Pharmaceutical Examining Board from 1887 until 1891, during which time he served as its treasurer. Mr. Eggers was a member of the G. A. R.

In July 1860 he married Hanna Lindsay McWhorter. They had nine children: Harry Louis, Frederick William (druggist), Edward Ernest (librarian), Howard Colvin (artist), Jeanne Edith (active in religious and missionary work), Ivy Lorella (married to the Rev. J. B. Mark ward, D.D.), Augustus Hartage (physician), Carrie E. (social work and Christian educator), and Rebecca Jane (teacher).


Archibald C. Robertson, 1893-1897

Archibald C. Robertson was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, May 21, 1840, the son of Archibald Craig and Mary Robertson. After arrival in Pittsburgh, he attended the Second Ward Public School. He then attended The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy from which he graduated in 1880.

He was first employed in the printing department of the Pittsburgh Dispatch, from which he entered the Union Army. He was attached first to Company A, 5th Excelsior Brigade, N. Y. and then to Sickle's Brigade. Upon discharge from the army he returned to Pittsburgh and began his career in the wholesale drug business in 1865 with George A. Kelly Co., where he remained until 1895. In that year he became associated with Mr. Walthour as a member of the Walthour-Robertson Drug Co. In 1898 he returned to George A. Kelly Co. where he was employed until the time of his death in 1906.

He was a member of the Corporation of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and served as its President from 1893 until 1897. He also served as chairman of the Board of trustees from 1882 to 1888 and from 1889 to 1893 and as Second Vice-President from 1897 to 1906. He was also the representative of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy on the Board of trustees of the Western University of Pennsylvania from 1896 to 1897.

In 1865, Mr. Robertson married Amelia Jane Ferguson. They were the parents of eight children: John, Maude, Archibald Craig, George Kelly, William Moore, Jean and Helen (who were twins) and Walter.


Louis Emanuel

President of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy 1897-1941

Chairman of the Board of trustees

Louis Emanuel was born June 24, 1854 on a farm near Hanover, Hancock Co. Ohio. His parents moved to Allegheny in i868 where he attended the St. Mary's Parochial School. The same year he secured employment in the drug store of M. S. Benson, M.D., located at Madison and Ohio Sts., Allegheny, Pa. Three years later he was employed by Peter Walter Jr. whose store was located at Chestnut and Liberty Sts., Allegheny, Pa.

Under the guidance of Lewis C. Hopp of Cleveland he matriculated at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and was graduated from that institution with honor in 1876. He was awarded the prize in Materia Medica. His thesis received favorable comment from Professor John M. Maisch for "his ability to make a practical demonstration of so simple a subject as a pill-mass excipient." During his stay in Philadelphia he was employed by William Baker Banks located at 19th and Shirley Streets.

Upon graduation from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy he returned to Pittsburgh and became a copartner of a drug store purchased from August Hartung then located at Second Ave. and Grant Street. This was situated at the edge of what today is known as the "Golden triangle." He remained in this location for 44 years. In 1878 he became a member of the American Pharmaceutical Association and of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association. He was honorary president of the A.Ph.A. in 1924.

Mr. Emanuel was one of the signers of petition to charter The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy, which received its charter in 1878. Mr. Emanuel said "that although he supported the movement for the establishment of the college he had doubts of such an undertaking"; in fact the college did have a precarious existence until 1891 when Julius A. Koch was elected dean and was given a free hand.

In 1892 Mr. Emanuel was elected Professor of Inorganic Chemistry with full charge of the chemical laboratories. However, in December of the same year he resigned because he said "he soon found out that he was not gifted as a teacher for his nervous system was wrecked after a few months."

He was elected President of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy in 1897 and served in this capacity until his death in 1941. He was also the College of Pharmacy representative on the Board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh. Mr. Emanuel was awarded the honorary degree of Master in Pharmacy (PH.M.) from his Alma Mater, and in 1899 was awarded the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy (PHAR.D.) from The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy.

In 1891 he became a member of the Pennsylvania Board of Pharmacy and served on the board for 30 years. In this capacity he was active in the enforcement of the law in such a manner as to bring better conditions for the pharmacist and more efficient service for the sick: to accomplish this he was strenuously opposed to the substandard clause of the Pure Food and Drug Law, and missed no opportunity to express his conviction that, in time, this clause would prove inimical to the best interests of the drug trade and the public.

He was an uncompromising advocate of the principle of confining drug store ownership to legally authorized pharmacists. He had faith in associated endeavors, intelligently and honestly applied and believed that the retailer would make rapid progress in curing the ills of his calling if he could give association work careful and persistent attention. He supported the N.A.R.D. from the date of its organization, serving as its treasurer for several years. Mr. Emanuel's activities attest his fidelity to the interest of the retail pharmacist.


John Reynolds Thompson, 1942-1948

John Reynolds Thompson was born on October II, 1873 at Duncansville, Pennsylvania. Mr. Thompson began his drug career with Doctor Smith Grant Beatty. Here he had many unusual duties, i.e., kept doctor's office tidy, milked the cow, groomed the horse, and also learned the names of drugs and medicines and how to make Compound Cathartic Pills. From an apprenticeship such as this he came to Pittsburgh to work for his brother. He attended The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and was graduated March 29, 1894 with the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy.

He went into business at the corner of Washington Avenue (now Columbus Avenue) and Fremont Street. After fifteen months he sold this store and bought a store located at North Avenue and Federal Street where he stayed five years. After several other business ventures he became manager of the stores of the P. C. Schilling Company. In 1907 he joined the staff of the George A. Kelly Company, Pittsburgh Wholesale Druggists, in fact, the oldest wholesale drug house west of the Allegheny Mountains. Dr. Thompson served as vice president of this concern for forty-five years.

Dr. Thompson was always interested in pharmacy for from 1902 until 1904 he served as president of the Pittsburgh Retail Druggists Association. He was early associated with The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy, for in 1905 he became a member of the Corporation of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and was active on its Board of trustees until the merger with the University of Pittsburgh in 1948.

He was elected permanent chairman of the Board of Directors on April 3, 1928 and became president of the College Corporation in 1942. On September 17, 1943 he was awarded the honorary degree of PHAR.D. by his alma mater. Dr. Thompson was a member of the Pennsylvania and American Pharmaceutical Associations, Cambria-Somerset Retail Druggists Association, Kappa Psi Pharmaceutical Fraternity, and the Fifty Year Club of Pitt.

He was active until his death, April 23, 1952.


Vice Presidents of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

First Vice Presidents
Abel, Joseph, 1880-1886 Harris, Levi H., 1878-1880
Emanuel, Louis, 1894-1897 Phillips, Francis C., 1886-1894
Gaw, Robert R., 1942-1948 Schaefer, Emil A., 1897.1936
  Thompson, John R., 1936-1942
Second Vice Presidents
Abel, Joseph, 1878-1880 Phillips, Francis C., 1880-1886
Blumenschein, Frederick J., 1937-1948 Robertson, Archibald C., 1897-1906
Holland, Samuel 5., 1886-1894 Schirmer, William G., 1896-1897; 1906-1907; 1909-1920
Kutscher, George W., 1920-1924 Schmidt, Adolph, 1924-1937
Mierzwa, Richard, 1907-1909 Weber, Peter, 1894.1896
Treasurers of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy
Brehm, Louis, 1894-1897 Kimmel, Joseph, 1881-1886
Eggers, Frederick W., 1887-1892 Saalbach, Carl, 1909-1932
Emanuel, Louis, 1886-188; 1892-1894 Saalbach, Louis, 1901-1909; 1932-1948
Holland, Samuel 5., 1878-1881 Schirmer, William G., 1897-1901

Secretaries of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

Corresponding Secretaries
Cherry, James B., 1881-1886 Jamison, Samuel C., 1893-1896
Einstein, Morris, 1892-1893 Jones, Will S., 1886-1889
Emanuel, Louis, 1889-1892 Kimmel, Joseph, 1879-1881
  Rankin, Aifred J., 1878-1879
Recording Secretaries
Cherry, James B., 1879.1880; 1886-1887 McClarran, Newton, 1878-1879
Gaw, Robert R., 1935-1942 McGinnis, Frank S., 1942-1947
Gleim, Perry, 1892-1893 Poth, A. Herman, 1897-1899
Jones, Will 5., 1889-1892 Saalbach, Louis, 1947-1948
Koch, Julius A., 1887-1889 Thompson, John R., 1907-1920
Kutscher, George W., 1893-1897 Walter, Peter G., 1920-1935
Lohmeyer, Henry, 1899.1907 Wilson, Albert H., 1880-1886
Financial Secretaries
Jamison, Samuel C 1895-1896 Mierzwa, Richard, 1896-1899
Curators of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy
Cherry, James B., 1889-1891 Robertson, Archibald C., 1888-1889
Gleim, Perry M., 1878-1880 Schaefer, Emil A., 1887-1888; 1891-1893
McAdams, William J., 1897-1906 Shafer, John A., 1893-1895
Poth, A. Herman, 1895-1897 Schirmer, William G., 1880-1887
Registrars
Saalbach, Carl, PH.G., 1923-1932 Dillman, Betty L., (Mrs. E. Kicher) 1947-1951
Carr, Thelma G., A.B., LlTT.M., (Mrs. Edward C. Reif) 1935-1946 Gibson,GraceE., AB., 1951-1953
Peterson, Dana R., M.ED., 1946-1947 Zilonis, Ann F., A.B., 1953.1957
Librarians
Frisbie, Katharine K., A.B., 1941-1946
Hutchman, Jean, B.S., 1946-1951
Nuttall, Dorothy, B.S., 1951-1957

Members of the Board of Trustees or Directors

The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

Armor, A., 1880-1881
Beach, C. H., 1886-1893
Beach, W. S., 1879
Beal, George D., 1932-1948
Beal, James H., 1906-1920
Beck, John, 1885; 1892-1895
Bender, A. S., 1879-I 882
Bimber, George, 1896-1900
Blanck, Hugo, 1885.1886
Blumensehein, Frederick J., 1928-I 948
Bowman, John G., (Chancellor) 1921-1945
Brashear, John A ., (Chancellor) 1901-1903
Brehm, Louis, I878-I879; 1892-1893; 1897-1898
Brill, Wm. H., 1878
Burkett, Karl 5., 1920-1926
Carhart, Daniel, 1904
Cherry, James B., 1878-1879; 1887-1888
Craig, Burton L., 1935-1948
Davis,W.W., 1890
Eggers, Fred H., 1878-1895
Eggers, Fred W., 1892-1893
Einstein, Morris, 1888-1936
Eisenbeis, G., 1878
Emanuel, Louis, 1878.1940
Fahnestock, B. L., 1878-1879
Finkelpearl, H., 1890-1892
Fitzgerald, Rufus H., (Chancellor) 1945-1948
Fleck, F. R., 1878
Gaw, Robert R., 1925-1948
George, Harold W., 1941-1948
Gicquelais, Louis, 1938-1948
Gillespie, E. N., 1893-I 896
Glamser, A., 1895-1896
Gleim, Perry, 1878-1879; 1886-1887; 1890.1893
Grunewald, J. T., 1901-1903
Harvey,ArthurW., 1938-1945
Heidenreich, Wm. F., 1899-1905
Henderson, Joseph, 1878-1879
Henderson, Randal W., 1909-1924
Hewitt, Lemuel E., 1894
Holden, E., 1879
Holland, Samuel S., 1882-1885
Ihrig, Theodore, 1891.1892; 1895-1898
Jones, W. S., 1895
Judd, Albert F., 1897-1943
Kerr, James Jr., 1878, 1882, 1885-1887
Kimmel, Joseph, 1886-1888
Koch, Julius A., 1885-1886; 1890-1891; 1906-1948
Koenig, Adolph, 1906
Kossler, Herman 5., 1933-1948
Kretz, Edward J., 1907-1919
Kutscher, George W., 1897.1948
Lohmeyer, H. L., 1906-1932
Mendelson, J. I., 1925-1941
Mierzwa, Richard, 1895-1911
Miller, John W., 1890
Minnick, William G., 1893
Musselman, D. C., 1894
McAdams, William J., 1906
McAleer, J. Stanley, 1947-1948
McBride, Homer J., 1886-1890
McClarran, Newton, 1879-1882
McCormick, Samuel B., (Chancellor) 1905-1921
McCulloch, Fred W. M., 1921-1931
McGann, M. J., 1882, 1895
MeKennan, John T., 1878
Neely, J. F., 1887-1898
Nesbit, W. W., 1879
Nied, Edward C., 1920-1948
O'Connell, C. Leonard, 1933-1948
Patrick, E. A., 1897-1905
Phillips, F. C., 1894-1895
Phillips, John H., 1946-1948
Poth, A. H., 1894
Pritchard, Benjamin E., 1904-I 924
Reif, Edward C., 1942-1948
Reiter, William C., 1879
Robertson, Archibald C., 1879-1892
Rodemoyer, William E., 1899-I 919
Saalbach, Carl, 1901, 1907-1932
Saalbach, Louis, 1896-1900; 1907-1948
Walther, Charles L., 1887
Schaefer, C. A., 1899-1904
Schaefer, Charles H., 1942-1945
Schaefer, Emil A., 1893-1940
Schiller, Fred, 1944-1948
Schirmer, William, 1878, 1888, 1894-I895; 1904-1919
Schmidt, Adolph, 1920-1936
Schmidt, Henry, 1878-1879; 1882
Schwarm, Charles, 1878
Seitz, Fred, 1878
Shafer, John A., 1895-1903
Siegfried, Henry J., 1906-1908
Sims, James C., 1927-1948
Spilker, H. A., 1904-1905
Stenger, B. J., 1878-I 879
Stevens, S. Henry, 1878-1879; 1882; 1891
Stright, S. A., 1906-1908
Thompson, D. C., 1878
Thompson, John R., 1906-1948
Totten, Robert M., 1904
Urben, Joseph P., 1888; 1890-I892; 1894
Wagner, John H., 1891
Wallace, John C., 1911-1927
Walter, Peter G., 1909-1932
Weber, Peter, 1879; 1882; 1886; 1892; 1896-1898
Wilson, A. H., 1886
Wirsing, T. Ray, 1895

Chairmen, Board of Trustees

The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

Cherry, James B., 1888-1889 Patrick, E. A., 1899-1905
Fahoestock, B. L., 1878-1879 Robertson, Archibald C., 1882-1888; 1889-1893
Ihrig, Theodore, 1897-1899 Schaefer, Emil A., 1893-1897
Mierzwa, Richard, 1905-1911 Thompson, John R., 1928-I 948
McClarran, Newton, 1879-1882 Wallace, John C., 1911-1927

Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy Representatives on the Board of Trustees of the University of Pittsburgh (Prior to 1908 Western University of Pennsylvania)


  1. Archibald C. Robertson, 1896-1897
  2. Emil A. Schaefer, 1897-1911
  3. John C. Wallace, 1911-1924
  4. Louis Emanuel, 1924-1936
  5. Robert R. Gaw, 1936-1948

Robert Ralston Gaw

Robert Ralston Gaw, the son of Robert Ralston and Mary McCredie Gaw, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania April 19, 1893. He attended the public schools of Pittsburgh graduating from Central High School. He attended The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy (School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh), graduating in 1914 with the degree of PH.G. During his college days Mr. Gaw was a member of the varsity baseball team earning his letter in this sport in 1913-1914.

Mr. Gaw served his apprenticeship in pharmacy with McKennan Pharmacy which was owned and managed by Oliver F. Wolf. Mr. Gaw has been continuously associated with McKennan Pharmacy since he began his apprenticeship in 1910 and is now president of the firm. The McKennan Pharmacy was the first professional pharmacy in Pittsburgh. Their policy since its founding is expressed in the statement "Prescriptions, Purveyors to Physicians and their patients only. We do not sell Patent Medicines, Tobaccos, Soda Water or Toilet Articles. All Biologicals, Vaccines, Serums, Ferments, etc. are kept under refrigeration."

Mr. Gaw served as president of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association (1933-34). He also served for some time as treasurer of the General Alumni Association of the University of Pittsburgh. He was chairman of the Pharmacy Division of the Cathedral of Learning Drive. Mr. Gaw was a member of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy Corporation from 1920 until the merger of this institution with the University of Pittsburgh in 1948. He also served as a member of the Board of Directors of the corporation. In 1937 Mr. Gaw was elected to the Board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh during which time he was also the representative of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy on the Board of trustees.

Mr. Gaw is a member of the Varsity Letter Club of Pitt, Kappa Psi, Rho Chi and Omicron Delta Kappa Fraternities.

Mr. Gaw married Anne Jackson on November 24, 1927. They had four children, Patricia Anne Gaw Dorn, Barbara Jean Gaw Ferrall, Mary and Robert John.


Emil A. Schaefer

Emil A. Schaefer was born in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania in August 1865. He completed his elementary and high school education in the schools at New Castle, Pennsylvania and in 1887 he was graduated from The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy with the degree of PH.G. From that time on he was interested in the progress of the College of Pharmacy. He became a member of the Corporation of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy in 1886 and retained this membership until his demise. He served as a member of the Board of trustees of the College. However, his interest was not limited to the College of Pharmacy for in 1897 he was elected the representative of the College of Pharmacy to serve on the Board of trustees of the Western University of Pennsylvania, later the University of Pittsburgh and served in this capacity until 1911. It was largely due to Mr. Schaefer's influence that the College bought its own building.

Mr. Schaefer was an active retail pharmacist and always contributed to pharmacy's progress. For many years he was proprietor of a store at 1436 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania but when he retired he went to Riverside, California where he resided until his death in 1942.


John Crawford Wallace

John C. Wallace was born in New Castle, Pennsylvania on July 7, 1859, the son of Dr. James J. and Agnes Davies Wallace. Dr. Wallace was early interested in pharmacy and became a member of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association in 1886. He, over a period of years held many of the positions of responsibility in the association and became its president in 1909-1910. He was chairman of the Legislative Committee of the American Pharmaceutical Association, the first chairman of the National Drug trade Conference, and President of the same organization from 1914-1918. He is considered a pioneer in pharmaceutical legislation. He was the father of the Druggists' Research Bureau.

Dr. Wallace was not only interested in the pharmaceutical societies but was a member of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy Corporation from 1910-1927. He was also elected permanent chairman of the Board of Directors of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy on November 1, 1910 and served in this capacity until his death in 1927, in fact a period of sixteen years. Not only did he serve on the Board of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy but he was elected as the representative of the College of Pharmacy on the Board of trustees of the University of Pittsburgh on October 3, 1911 and was re-elected May 3, 1921.

For many years Dr. Wallace conducted his own store in his home town of New Castle, Pennsylvania. The University of Pittsburgh conferred the honorary degree of Doctor of Pharmacy on him, in 1911. Dr. Wallace is survived by his wife, Mrs. Emma Kempt Wallace and four children, John C. Jr., James J., Margaret, and Dr. William D.

Representatives on the Board of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy from (Western University of Pennsylvania) and the University of Pittsburgh


  1. Chancellor William J. Holland, 1896-1901
  2. Chancellor Samuel B. McCormick, 1904-1920
  3. Acting Chancellor John A. Brashear, 1901-1904
  4. Chancellor John G. Bowman, 1921-1945
  5. Chancellor Rufus H. Fitzgerald, 1945-1948

William J. Holland

Chancellor of Western University of Pennsylvania, now University of Pittsburgh from 1896 until 1901.

William J. Holland was born August 16, 1848 in Bethany near Mandeville, Jamaica, West Indies, the son of Reverend and Mrs. Francis Raymond Holland. His parents were Moravian missionaries from Salem, North Carolina. Dr. Holland attended the Moravian College and the Theological Seminary, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in 1867 and in 1869 received the A.B. degree from Amherst College and the A.M. from the same institution in 1872. He also graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1874.

He served as principal at Amherst in Westboro, Mass. from 1869 until 1872. That year he entered the Moravian Ministry and served in churches in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh until 1891 during which time he was pastor of the Bellefield Presbyterian Church for seventeen years. In 1896 he was made chancellor of the Western University of Pennsylvania and served in this capacity until 1901.

In 1893 he became Director of the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh where he remained in that capacity until 1922 when he was made Director Emeritus a position he held until his death in 1932. He was Vice President of the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission from 1904 to 1922 when he became president. He was also a member of the Carnegie Corporation from 1922 until his death.

As a naturalist he was a member of the United States Eclipse Expedition to Japan in 1887 and to West Africa in 1889. Dr. Holland was a leading authority in the field of zoology and named and classified as new to science over 1000 species of insects from Africa, Alaska, Indo-Malaysia and points throughout North and South America. He discovered the remains of the Diplodocus in Utah, which was assembled and is now in the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Duplications of this specimen were made for several foreign governments.

In addition to many articles, Dr. Holland was the author of several outstanding books which include: The Moth Book (1903), To the River Platte and Back (1913), and The Butterfly Guide (1915).

As a civic minded individual one of his most important activities was to promote and secure action on the Report of the Pittsburgh Filtration Commission.

During his regime, the Western University of Pennsylvania enlarged its scope, adding several new schools and departments, including electrical and mining engineering, medical and dental, pharmaceutical and legal. In the meantime the student body increased eight fold.

Dr. Holland was the recipient of honorary degrees from Washington and Jefferson College, Amherst College, Dickinson College, Bethany College, St. Andrew's College, New York University, and University of Pittsburgh.

In 1908 he was made Officer de la Legion d'Honneur and held similar decorations from the governments of Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Russia, Spain, and Belgium.

He was founder and president of the American Association of Museums and was a member of all of the leading entomological societies in the United States and abroad.

He belonged to the University Club of Pittsburgh, The Cosmos Club of Washington and the Authors Club of New York. Dr. Holland was an eminent churchman, educator, artist, traveler, scholar, scientist, and public spirited citizen.

Dr. and Mrs. Holland had two children, Moorehead B. Holland and Francis Raymond Holland.


John Brashear

Acting Chancellor, Western - University of Pennsylvania, 1901 – 1904

John Brashear was born in Brownsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, on November 24, 1840 and died in Pittsburgh in 1920. He attended the elementary schools of Brownsville, Pennsylvania, and came to Pittsburgh in 1855 where he entered Duffs Mercantile College from which he graduated. As a young man while in the employ of John Snowden and Sons of Brownsville, where he served as an apprentice for three years, he learned a mechanical trade.

Dr. Brashear was next employed from 1859 until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 by Dennis Long Company of Louisville, Kentucky to build engines for water works. He returned to Brownsville for a short time, and then came to Pittsburgh and procured employment in the rolling mill of Zug and Painter where he remained until 1867.

In the meantime he married Phoebe Stewart on September 24, 1862. Encouraged by his wife and with her help he began his career as a maker of precision instruments in his own shop on the South Side. He started construction of his first telescope in 1872, working at the same time for McKnight, Duncan and Company, Birmingham, South Side, Pittsburgh until the panic of 1873.

In 1880, on the invitation of his friend, William Thaw, John Brashear moved his shop to the old observatory then located in the Perrysville district near the head of Buena Vista Street, Allegheny. Here he perfected the spectroscope for astronomical uses.

Dr. Brashear also had time for music. He was a choir leader and an active church member. Had he followed his mother's wishes he would have become a minister. He was also a member of many societies and in 1915 was voted by the people of Pittsburgh, First Citizen of Pittsburgh and Governor Martin Brumbaugh of Pennsylvania then added the title, First Citizen of Pennsylvania.

Dr. Brashear held honorary degrees from Washington and Jefferson College (L.L.D., 1902); Wooster University (L.L.D.), and Western University of Pennsylvania (D.SC.).

Dr. Brashear served as a member of the Board of trustees of the Western University of Pennsylvania, later the University of Pittsburgh, from 1891 until his death in 1920. He was acting chancellor of the University from 1901-1904.

Upon the resignation of Dr. W. J. Holland as chancellor of the Western University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Brashear became a member of a committee appointed to find and present nominations for a new chancellor. He became acting chancellor and remained as such until his health began to fail when he resigned.


Samuel Black McCormick

Chancellor of Western University of Pennsylvania, now University of Pittsburgh, 1904-1921.

Samuel Black McCormick was the son of Dr. James Irwin and Rachel Black McCormick. He was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, on May 6, 1858. He graduated from Washington and Jefferson College in 1880, with an A.M.; D.D. in 1887; and L.L.D. in 1902. In 1882 he married Ida May Steep of Washington, Pennsylvania. They had four children, Samuel Black McCormick, Jr.; James R. McCormick; Rachel McCormick; and Mrs. Lloyd W. Smith.

Early in his life he became a teacher. In 1880 he taught in the Canons-burg Academy and in 1881 he taught at Washington and Jefferson College. After he was admitted to the bar in 1882 he practiced law in Pittsburgh for a year and then went to Denver where he practiced until 1887.

He returned to Pittsburgh in 1887 to enter the Western Theological Seminary and he was ordained a Presbyterian Minister in 1890. Dr. McCormick became pastor of the Central Church of Allegheny and remained here until 1894 when he left to become the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Omaha where he served until 1897. He was president of Coe College in Iowa from 1897 to 1904, leaving to become chancellor of the Western University of Pennsylvania, later the University of Pittsburgh (1904-1921).

It was through his efforts that the University moved to Schenley Farms in the Oakland district. He too, was responsible for the change in name from Western University of Pennsylvania to University of Pittsburgh. During his administration Dr. McCormick established new schools in economics, business administration, education, an evening school, and The Mellon Institute was affiliated with the University. He organized an educational program based on obligations of the institution to the community, raised scholastic standards, and coordinated and integrated the constituent schools.

He was active in educational societies. He had been a trustee of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, a life member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and such others as the Pennsylvania Society of New York, The Victoria Institute, and Sons of the American Revolution. He was also a member of Duquesne, University, Shannopin and Longvue Country Clubs.

Dr. Mcormick achieved much for one university and he retired in 1920 as Chanellor Emeritus. He died on April 18, 1928.


John Gabbert Bowman

Chancellor, University of Pittsburgh, 1921 - 1945

John Gabbert Bowman, son of John R. Bowman and Mary A. Gabbert Bowman, was born in Davenport, Iowa, May 18, 1877. After graduation from high school he attended State University of Iowa, graduating with the A.B. degree in 1899. He also received the A.M. degree in 1904.

Dr. Bowman was a journalist from 1899 to 1901. His academic career began as an instructor in English at the State University of Iowa where he served from 1902-1904. From 1905-1907 he was an instructor at Columbia University. In 1907 he became secretary for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching in New York and served until 1911.

Dr. Bowman was president of the State University of Iowa from 1911 until 1914 when he became the first Director of the American College of Surgeons whose purpose was to put surgery on a more ethical and scientific basis. During his tenure of office which terminated in 1920, Dr. Bowman developed the American College of Surgeons into an organization which included a large membership of the best surgeons in North and South America.

He was elected chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh on December 1, 1920 and served in this capacity until 1945, when he was made President of the University. In 1947 he was made President Honorarius. Dr. Bowman was a trustee of the National Board of Medical Examiners from 1915 until 1931 and a consultant on hospitals, United States treasury Department from 1921 until 1923. He was also a director of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce 1922-1926; a director of Forbes National Bank; chairman of the Board of the Pittsburgh Chemical Warfare Procurement District and trustee of the Henry C. Frick Education Committee.

Dr. Bowman was awarded the following honorary degrees: Coe College, 'LL.D., 1912; University of Mississippi, LL.D., 1914; Boston University, LL.D., 1927; Rutgers University, LL.D., 1933; University of Pennsylvania, LL.D., 1934; Waynesburg College, LL.D., 1937; Washington and Jefferson College, LL.D., 1944; University of Pittsburgh, LL.D., 1948; Oglethorpe University, LITT .D., 1924; and University of Iowa, LITT.D., 1934.

He was also decorated a member of the Order of St. Sava (Yugoslavia) in 1940. Dr. Bowman was a contributor to many publications on subjects dealing with education. He was also author of The World That Was; Notes Along The Way, and Happy All Day Through.

He was a member of the University, Duquesne, and Longvue Country Clubs and also of the Pittsburgh Athletic Association.

Dr. Bowman was married June 29, 1908 to Florence Ridgway Berry. They had two children, John Ridgway and Florence Ridgway.

Due to the untiring efforts of Dr. Bowman, his vision of an inspiring structure as the keystone of a great educational institution was brought to a realization when the beautiful Cathedral of Learning was built.


Rufus Henry Fitzgerald

Chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh, 1945.1955

Rufus H. Fitzgerald was born November 22, 1890 at Pelham, North Carolina, the son of James Obadiah and Mary Reese (Shelton) Fitzgerald. He attended Guilford College of North Carolina from which he received the B.A. degree in 1911 and in 1919 he received the degree of M.A. from the University of Tennessee.

He was General Secretary of the Y.M.C.A. at Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical College, 1911-12; General Secretary of the Y.M.C.A. at the University of Tennessee, 1912-16; Athletic coach and director at the University of Tennessee, 1917-18; General Secretary of the Y.M.C.A. at the University of Iowa, 1919-23; Director of the Iowa Memorial Union Corporation of State University of Iowa, 1923-38; Director Student Service, State University of Iowa, 1925-38; Director and Professor in Fine Arts Department, Head of Department of History and Appreciation of Fine Arts, State University of Iowa, 1929-38; Provost, University of Pittsburgh, 1938-42; Vice-Chancellor, University of Pittsburgh, 1942-45; and, Chancellor, University of Pittsburgh, July 1, 1945 until 1955.

He was very active in the affairs of the Association of American Colleges in which he served in the following capacities:

Chairman, Commission on the Arts 1940-50; Commission on War-Time placement of College Faculties; Member of Board of Directors, 1951; treasurer, 1952-53; Vice President, 1953-54; President, 1954-55.

He also served as President of Urban Universities, 1946-47, and President of Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities, 1949-50.

He was a member of the Committee on Educational Buildings and equipment and also of the Problems and Policies Committee of the American Council on Education.

He also served as Chairman of the Public Parking Authority of Pittsburgh and as a member of the National Committee on Accrediting; the Board of Directors of the Y.M.C.A.; the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra; and a trustee of the Iowa School of Religion.

He was a member of the Newcomen Society of England; Sigma Chi; Phi Kappa Phi (honorary); Omicron Delta Kappa; and Phi Beta Kappa (honorary).

During his regime as chancellor three schools were added to the University: The Graduate School of Public Health, 1948; the Bureau of Retail training which is now the Graduate School of Retail training; and the integration of the School of Pharmacy in 1948 which previously was affiliated with the Western University of Pennsylvania in 1896.

Dr. Fitzgerald was the recipient of the following honorary degrees: University of Pennsylvania, 1943, LL.D.; Grove City College, 1945, LL.D.; Waynesburg College, 1946, LL.D.; Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1947, LL.D.; Alfred University, 1948, L.H.D.; Washington and Jefferson College, 1948, HH.D.; Bucknell University, 1949, HH.D.; Davidson College, 1954, LL.D.; and Temple University, 1955, LL.D.

He held membership in the Duquesne Club; Longvue Country Club; University of Pittsburgh Faculty Club; The Century Association of New York and was also an honorary member of Rotary.

Chancellor Fitzgerald was a daily visitor to the Heinz Memorial Chapel and also made daily visits to one of the Tuck Shops where he was always observed in conversation with students.

On January 31, 1955, Chancellor Fitzgerald was named "Man of the Year" in Pittsburgh by the Junior Chamber of Commerce and in February 1955 he was named by President Eisenhower, Chairman of the State Department Advisory Commission on Education Exchange.

On June II, 1914 Dr. Fitzgerald married Damie Mildred Cornell. They have two children, Helen Cornell (Mrs. G. H. Bethel) and Damie Mildred (Mrs. R. W. Brownlee).


Representatives of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and Alumni Serving on the State Pharmaceutical Examining Board of Pennsylvania

Frederick H. Eggers, 1887-1891. Was treasurer during this period.

Dr. Louis Emanuel, 1891-1924. Served as President from 1895 until 1901; Served as President from 1903 until 1924; Board known as The Pennsylvania Board of Pharmacy.

Charles C. Campbell, (1897) 1924-1936. Chairman from 1924 until 1931; The Board became known as The State Board of Pharmacy in 1929; Office of President was discontinued and the New Title was Chairman.

Dr. Frederick J. Blumenschein, (1904) 1936-1942. Served as Chairman from 1936 until 1942.

George Louis Kiefer, (1920) 1936-1942

Edwin S. Rowse, (1906) 1942-1951. Served as Chairman from 1942 until 1943.

Edward C. Ifft, (1926)1951-1955. Served as Chairman from 1952 until 1953.

S.Bascombe Alloway, (1915) 1951-1955. Served as Chairman from 1954 until 1955.

Deans of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy affiliated in 1896 with the Western University of Pennsylvania and identified itself as the College of Pharmacy of the Western University of Pennsylvania. The Western University of Pennsylvania became the University of Pittsburgh in 1909 and the School of Pharmacy was identified as the School of Pharmacy of the University of Pittsburgh. In 1948 The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy merged with the University of Pittsburgh and became known as the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy. The first dean was appointed in 1891.

  1. Julius A. Koch 1891 - 1932
  2. C. Leonard O’Connell 1932-1945
  3. Edward Clarence Reif 1945-1958

Julius Arnold Koch

The first dean, 1891-1932

Julius Arnold Koch was born in Bremen, Germany in 1864 while his parents, Arnold and Amanda Wenke Koch, were on a visit to their native land. Julius Arnold Koch graduated from The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy in 1884 into a life dominated by pharmaceutical education and characterized by distinguished endeavors toward its advancement.

Having been associated with his father in the drug business for several years before and after his graduation, Dr. Koch accepted, in 1891, the chair of pharmacy and the Deanship of The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy. During his first decade as Dean he renewed his interest in chemistry, which had influenced him to take a special course before becoming dean, from Professor Hugo Blanck. In 1896 he took up special work in organic chemistry in Munich under Adolph V. Baeyer and in 1897 under Gatterman and Victor Meyer in Heidelberg. The result of this research study was that he accomplished the synthesis of aromatic aldehydes by the Friedele Crafts' reaction, thereafter called the Gatterman-Koch synthesis, which is familiar to most worker in the field of organic chemistry.

Dr. Koch took over the chair of Organic Chemistry in 1900 and, in 1903, that of Chemistry and Director of the Chemical Laboratories, having meanwhile (1901) also been appointed Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Chemical Laboratories of the Department of Medicine at the Western University of Pennsylvania, later the University of Pittsburgh, a position which he held until 1912. During this time he also took further work leading toward graduate degrees, receiving his PH.D. from Scio in 1905. He was awarded the SC.D. (honorary) degree from Washington and Jefferson in 1907.

Dr. Koch was always active in the advancement of Pharmaceutical education, having been Chairman of the Executive Committee of the American Conference of Pharmaceutical Faculties from 1907 to 1919, in which position his efforts were largely directed toward the standardization of pharmaceutical degrees.

He was president of the American Pharmaceutical Association in 1923. Prior to that time he had been president of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association (1904-5) and editor of the American Pharmaceutical Association Yearbooks (1914, 1915, and 1916). He was a member of the college corporation and board of directors until the merger-a life membership, in fact, lasting from 1899 to 1948. Dr. Koch was also a member of other state, national and international scientific organizations, and, during his active administrative and teaching career, he was always a participant in their deliberations.

In 1889 Dr. Koch married Albertina Strunz. They had three daughters, Adele, Florence, and EIsa. After the death of Mrs. Koch, Dr. Koch married Alice Cope in 1927. In 1932 Dr. Koch retired from teaching and administration and was made Dean Emeritus. After retirement, Dr. and Mrs. Koch lived in Ocala, Florida, until their deaths.

It can be truthfully said of the first dean that he made pharmaceutical history.


C. Leonard O'Connell

The second dean, 1932-1945

C. Leonard O'Connell was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania on April 24, 1890. He was the son of the late John H. and Charlotte Mullen O'Connell. Dr. O'Connell began his career in retail pharmacy, having spent his time from 1906 to 1922, before entering the educational field, in various phases of retail work, including actual drug store selling, as well as on the sales force of a wholesale firm and as a merchandise broker and manufacturer's agent.

In 1922 he was invited to return to his alma mater, from which he had received his PH.G. degree in 1912, as a member of the chemistry faculty of the College of Pharmacy. He was made Professor of Pharmacy and Director of Courses in Pharmaceutical Economics in 1926 and became Associate Dean of the College in 1930. In 1932, when Dr. Koch retired, Dr. O'Connell was elected Dean.

He was very active in state and national pharmaceutical and alumni work, being the first president of the Pharmacy Unit of the Alumni Association (1931). He also served as chairman of various committees in state and national associations, and as president of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association (1929-1931). As a member of the Revision Committee for the United States Pharmacopoeia from 1940-1950, and as a member of the International Federation, he had active association with his chosen field. He was particularly interested in Kappa Psi and was elected to the position of Grand Regent of this pharmaceutical fraternity in December 1941. His activities outside the pharmaceutical field included a term as president of the Civic Club of Allegheny County and chairman of the Board of Managers of the Juvenile Detention Home.

Dr. O'Connell received his A.B. in 1916 and his PHAR.D. in 1932. He also held an honorary PHAR.M. from The Philadelphia College of Pharmacy.

Due to ill health, he was made Dean Emeritus on May 31, 1945. His books, Manual on Pharmaceutical Law and Manual on Pharmaceutical Technique, however, are still used as reference texts in pharmacy schools through-Out the country.

Dr. O'Connell married Florence Parlyne Sheridan in 1920. They had four sons, C. Leonard, Jr., M.D., John F. Regis, William S. and Richard. Dr. and Mrs. O'Connell died during 1958.


Edward Clarence Reif

The third dean, 1945-1958

Edward C. Reif was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania on January 8, 1888, the son of Edward Mathias and Julia Frances Hess Reif. His preliminary education was attained in the public schools of Allegheny. He was graduated from The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy (College of Pharmacy of the Western University of Pennsylvania now the University of Pittsburgh) in 1906, with the degree of PH.G. He was granted the degree of PH.C. in 1916 and the degree of PHAR.D. in 1919 from the same institution.

From the beginning of his apprenticeship in pharmacy he was engaged in retail pharmacy until 1914 when he became Chief Pharmacist at the McKeesport Hospital, McKeesport, Pennsylvania. During his service at McKeesport Hospital which terminated in 1917, he was also assistant in the clinical laboratories of the hospital as well as lecturer in Materia Medica in the Nurses training School.

Dr. Reif entered the armed forces during World War I (1917) and was first assigned to the Medical Corps at the Post Hospital, Fortress Monroe, Virginia. He was next transferred to the pharmacological division of the Defense Section of Chemical Warfare Services located at the American University, Washington, D. C. After the war he was commissioned as First Lieutenant in Sanitary Corps in the Army of the United States.

Upon his return from the service in December 1918 he was appointed Assistant in Chemistry at The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy. He was subsequently promoted to Assistant Professor of Materia Medica in 1923, Professor of Physiology in 1925, Professor of Materia Medica and Botany in 1933. In 1942 he was made Acting Dean and in 1945, Dean and Professor of Pharmacology.

Dr. Reif was Associate Director of the Lake School of Biology, Thiel College, 1923-1924 and also did specialized work at Thiel College, Post Graduate Hospital at Chicago, University of Michigan, and Stanford University Medical School.

Since 1920 he has been consultant pharmacologist to the staff of St. Johns General Hospital and for many years served as Chairman of the Curriculum Committee of the training School for Nurses of that institution. He was also a lecturer at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School and was a member of the Advisory Staff of the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic.

Dr. Reif is a member of the Council of the Academy of Science and Art of Pittsburgh. He is also a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Association (Life), the American Pharmaceutical Association, Rho Chi Pharmaceutical Society, Alpha Zeta Omega Fraternity (honorary), Phi Sigma Fraternity, Omicron Delta Kappa Circle, Sigma Xi Society, Kappa Psi Pharmaceutical Fraternity, and The New York Academy of Sciences.

From 1952 until 1955 he was a member of the Executive Committee of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy and was president of the Association 1953-1954.

He has contributed many articles to pharmaceutical literature, especially in the field of pharmacology and is the author of Laboratory Manual of Introductory Pharmacology and Bioassay.

On November 17, 1954, Dr. Reif was awarded a plaque by the Allegheny County Pharmaceutical Association, "In recognition of outstanding contributions in the development of Pharmacy."

In 1920, Dr. Reif married Isabel Noble Adams (deceased 1938). They had one child Edward Adams Reif. In 1946 he married Thelma G. Carr.

It was through his unstinted efforts that The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy was merged with the University of Pittsburgh in 1948 and also to take its place as one of the professional schools to occupy the new building which houses the Schools of the Health Professions. Dr. Reif retired in 1958 when he was made Emeritus Dean and Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology.