A Contribution to Western Pennsylvania Pharmacy

A History of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy 1878-1958

Appendix V - Disjecta Membra

Document B


Constitution of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy 1883

Article I.

This Association shall be called The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy. Its object shall be cultivation, improvement and dissemination of a knowledge of Pharmacy and its collateral branches of science, and of giving instruction in same by public lectures.

Article II.

The College shall consist of active and honorary members.

Article III.

The officers of the College shall be a President, two Vice-Presidents, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, and Curator, all of whom shall be elected annually at a stated meeting in March.

Article IV.

The ordinary affairs of the College shall be conducted by a Board of Trustees consisting of eleven members, five of whom shall be elected the last Monday in March, and six the last Monday of September, to serve for one year. The said Board of Trustees of which the officers of the College shall be ex-officio members, and of which seven shall constitute a quorum, shall make rules and regulations and do all other things necessary for the government and support of the School of Pharmacy as it may deem fit and proper, and perform such other duties as are or may be from time to time committed to it by the said College at such stated meeting.

Article V.

The right of voting, of holding offices and of transacting business lies solely with the active members.

Article VI.

The College shall have a common seal.

Article VII.

The College may establish such by-laws for its government and regulation as may be deemed necessary and proper.

By-Laws of the Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy

Chapter I.

Of the President and Vice-Presidents.

Article I. The President, or in his absence one of the Vice-Presidents, or in their absence a President pro tempore shall occupy the Chair at the meetings of the College, enforce the laws, preserve order, and shall give the casting vote when necessary.

Article II. He shall at the request of any three members, in writing, specifying the object in view, call a special meeting of the College.

Article III. He shall nominate all committees unless a ballot be required by the members, or they be otherwise provided for by the by-laws; and he shall sign all the diplomas and certificates of the College.

Article IV. He shall confer the degree on the graduates of the College at the Annual Commencement.

Chapter II.

Of the Recording Secretary.

Article I. The Recording Secretary shall take and preserve correct minutes of the proceedings of the College, preserve all documents belonging thereto that may come into his possession, notify members of their election by the College, and inform the Treasurer of persons so elected.

Article II. He shall keep a correct list of the members of the College, with dates of their election, resignation or death.

Article III. He shall issue the notices for the meetings of the College at least three days previous to the time, and furnish the chairman of all committees with a copy of the minutes of their appointment.

Article IV. He shall compile the minutes for publication if required.

Chapter III.

Of the Corresponding Secretary.

Article I. The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct and preserve the correspondence of the College with corresponding and honorary members, scientific individuals and societies. It shall be his duty to reply to all foreign communications addressed to or regarding the College. He shall at first submit all his proceedings to the President for his approval, and their record shall be read at each stated meeting of the College.

Chapter IV.

Of the Treasurer.

Article I. The Treasurer shall receive and take charge of the funds of the College, giving bond and security to the President, if required, for the faithful discharge of this trust. He shall bold and issue the certificates of membership and diplomas; shall have the custody of the seal and affix the same under the direction of the College or Board of Trustees.

Article II. He shall collect all dues to the College and shall pay no moneys unless on an order of the President or the Chairman of the Board of Trustees, countersigned by the respective Secretaries of the College or Board of Trustees as the case may be.

Article III. He shall notify the Secretary of the College, in writing, when any new member has signed the Constitution and paid his initiation fee, and also, when from any cause a member has ceased connection with the College.

Article IV. He shall present annually to the Board of Trustees, at the stated meeting in February, a statement of his account.

Chapter V.

Of the Librarian.

Article I. The Librarian shall take charge of all books and pamphlets belonging to the College, and shall report on the condition of the same annually, at the stated meeting in March.

Article II. He shall make out two copies of a catalogue of all books and pamphlets belonging to the College, adding thereto the title in full of each one as received. Where books are presented to the College the name of the donor shall be inserted in the catalogues together with the date of the gift.

Article III. One of the catalogues so made out shall be open to the inspection of members, and the other shall be placed in the archives of the College.

Chapter VI.

Of the Curator.

Article I. The Curator shall take charge of the Cabinet together with all specimens that may by donation or otherwise come into the possession of the College, and shall report on the condition of Cabinet annually at the stated meeting in March.

Article II. He shall make out two copies of a catalogue of all specimens belonging to the College, adding thereto a description of each specimen as received. When specimens are presented to the College the name of donor shall be inserted in the catalogues together with the date of the gift.

Article III. One copy of the catalogues so made out shall be open to the inspection of the members, and the other shall be placed in the archives of the College.

Article IV. All specimens in the cabinet must be labelled by the Curator as far as practicable.

Chapter VII.

Of Members.

Article I. Any Candidate for membership must be proposed in writing, by two members, at one stated meeting of the College, or of the Board of Trustees, and may be balloted for at the next stated meeting, respectively, of the College, or of the Board of Trustees as the case may be, when three negative votes shall defeat his election.

Article II. All applications for membership shall be referred to a committee of three, whose duty it will be to investigate the moral character and professional standing of said applicants and report at next stated meeting.

Article III. Members may reside in any part of the United States, and upon election shall pay an initiation fee of two dollars, and thereafter a contribution of three dollars annually, in advance.

Article IV. Any active member who shall pay into the hands of the Treasurer the sum of fifty dollars at one time shall become a life member, and shall be exempted from all future annual contributions.

Article V. Any graduate in pharmacy or medicine of the regular school, conforming in his professional conduct to the code of ethics adopted by this College, may become an active member.

Article VI. Any druggist, chemist, manufacturing pharmacist, or apothecary, conforming to the code of ethics adopted by this College, who is not a, graduate in pharmacy, may be examined by a committee of examination to be appointed annually by the Board of Trustees, and if his examination is satisfactory he may, upon its recommendation, be elected an active member.

Article VII. Any such applicant who has been established in business for a least six years shall be eligible for membership.

Article VIII. Members of the College shall, at all times, have free access to the library, subject to such rules and regulations as the Library Committee may adopt.

Article VIII. Pharmaceutists, druggists, and chemists residing beyond the limits of the United States, who have attained a good reputation for integrity, knowledge and ability in their business may be elected corresponding members of the College.

Article X. All such persons, as from their knowledge of materia medica, chemistry, pharmacy and their collateral branches of science, who shall in the opinion of the College merit that distinction, may be elected honorary members of the College.

Article XI. Corresponding and honorary members shall have the same privileges as active members in regard to the use of the library and cabinet and attending the lectures and meetings of the College, but they shall be exempt from any pecuniary obligations to the College, and shall have no right to vote or hold office therein.

Article XII. Any person elected an active member of the College neglecting to pay his initiation fee and to sign the Constitution for six months after being informed of his election, shall forfeit his right of membership.

Article XIII. No resignation shall be received from any active member of the College unless accompanied by a voucher from the Treasurer that his certificate of membership has been returned or destroyed and all arrearages have been paid. The College may, however, by vote continue the certificate to one who may have resigned his membership.

Article XIV. A member may be expelled from the College for sufficient cause by vote of three-fourths of the active members present at a stated or a special meeting, notice of the intention of the College to consider the subject of expulsion of a member having been given at previous meeting, but no member shall be expelled without being notified and having an opportunity of being heard in his own defense.

Article XV. Any member of the College neglecting the payment of his contributions for two years after they are due shall forfeit his right of membership, and is liable to have his name stricken from the list.

Article XVI. Every member of the College shall, on paying three dollars, be entitled to a certificate of membership, signed by the President and Vice-President, attested by the Recording Secretary and sealed with the seal of the College; such member covenanting in writing to return said certificate to the College on ceasing to be a member from any cause whatever. The publication of the certificate of membership as a business advertisement is deemed inconsistent with the spirit of the code of ethics.

Article XVII. A committee of three shall be appointed at the stated meeting in September whose duty it shall be to report annually the deaths of members of the College, with such biographical notices as may be appropriate.

Chapter VIII

Of the Trustees.

Article I. The Board of Trustees shall meet once a month, or oftener if necessary, by adjournment or on the call of their Chairman, and seven members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

Article II. They shall control and regulate the School of Pharmacy, shall appoint professors as vacancies may occur, or as they may deem expedient to lecture on materia medica, chemistry, theory and practice of pharmacy and other branches of science.

Article III. They shall be entrusted with the election of members, as specified in Chapter VII of these By-Laws.

Article IV. They shall appoint a Committee of Examination, who, in conjunction with the professors in the School of Pharmacy, shall examine and determine the fitness of candidates for the degree, and may, by vote, confer the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy upon such as are recommended as suitable by said committee.

Article V. They shall appoint committees to have the oversight of the library, the cabinet, the herbarium and the apparatus of the College, and may, from time to time, appropriate funds of the College to the increase of these for the benefit of the members and students.

Article VI. They shall have the care and oversight of the College, with the authority to rent rooms for the purposes of the College.

Article VII. The minutes of the Board of Trustees shall be read at the meetings of the College for their approval or dissent.

Chapter IX

Of Meetings.

Article 1. The stated meetings of the College, for the transaction of business, shall be held quarterly on the last Monday in March, June, September and December.

Article 2. Eleven members shall constitute a quorum.

Article 3. As soon as eleven members shall appear at or after the appointed time of meeting, the President, or in his absence one of the Vice-Presidents, or in their absence a president pro tempore shall take the chair and call the members to order.

Article 4. After the meeting has been organized, no member shall leave the room without permission from the presiding officer.

Article 5. The order of business at stated meetings shall be:

  1. Members present noted by the Secretary.
  2. Minutes of the last meeting read and corrected, if necessary, and adopted.
  3. Minutes of the Board of Trustees since the last stated meeting of the College read.
  4. Unfinished business from minutes of last meeting.
  5. Business presented by minutes of the Board of Trustees.
  6. Report of Committees.
  7. New Business.
  8. Election of members.
  9. Adjournment.

Article 6. As an adjournment meeting is the continuation of a previous meeting, after reading the minutes of such meeting, may be taken up at that point where it was interrupted by the adjournment and the ordinary business followed.

Article 7. At a special meeting the College shall immediately proceed to the consideration of the business for which it was convened, and no other shall be brought before it at such meeting.

Article 8. The Chair shall decide upon questions of order, from which decisions, however, an appeal to the meeting may be had if required by two members, and the meeting shall thereupon decide without debate.

Article 9. No motion shall be received unless seconded, nor until the mover, if required by the President or a member, shall have committed it to writing.

Article l0. Every member when speaking shall address the Chair, and when a question is before the meeting no motion shall be received unless to amend, divide, commit, postpone or to adjourn, and a motion to adjourn shall always be decided without debate.

Article 11. On the call of any two members the yeas and nays shall be ordered. When the question is decided by yeas and nays each member present shall vote unless excused by a majority of those present, and the names and manner of voting shall be entered upon the minutes.

Chapter X

Of the Pharmaceutical Meetings.

Article 1. The pharmaceutical meetings of the College shall be for scientific purposes and also for other matters concerning the welfare of the drug trade. The meetings shall be held on the third Tuesday of every month, from October to May inclusive.

Article 2. Five members shall constitute a quorum.

Article 3. As soon after the hour as five members shall appear, the President, or in his absence one of the Vice-Presidents; or in his absence a Chairman pro tempore, shall take the chair and call the members to order.

Article 4. The order of proceedings at these meetings shall be as follows:

  1. Minutes of the preceding meeting read, corrected, if necessary, and adopted.
  2. Strangers introduced.
  3. Donations to Library or Cabinet received.
  4. Reports of committees.
  5. Written communications.
  6. Verbal communications, miscellaneous business, and conversation.

Article 5. Members may introduce to these meetings graduates and students of the College and other persons having an interest in science generally, who, when introduced, shall be entitled to participate in the scientific discussions.

Article 6. A Registrar shall be elected annually at the meeting in October to issue notices, prepare business and record the proceedings of the pharmaceuticalmeetings.

Chapter XI

Certificates.

Article 1. The College shall grant certificates as follows:

  1. To active or corresponding members: The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy, instituted to promote and encourage a knowledge of pharmacy and its collateral branches of science and to guard against abuses in the preparation and sale of medicine, reposing confidence in the knowledge, skill and integrity of........……….... has elected him an active, corresponding, or life member, as the case may be. In testimony whereof are hereunto affixed the signatures of the proper officers and the seal of the said College this day of........……..... In the year of our Lord.
  2. To honorary members: The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy has duly elected......……............... an honorary member as a mark of respect for his scientific researches and acquirements. In testimony whereof are hereunto affixed the names of the officers and the seal of the College this....... day of...........
Chapter XII

Of Amendments.

Article 1. Every proposition to alter or amend these By-Laws shall be submitted in writing at one stated meeting and may be balloted for at the next stated meeting, when, upon receiving the votes of two-thirds of the members present, it shall become a part of the By-Laws.

Article 2. No one or more of these By-Laws shall be suspended.

Chapter XIII

Miscellaneous.

Article I. In all such points of order as are not noticed in these By-Laws the College is to be governed by the established usages in similar institutions.

Respectfully submitted by your committee,

S. Henry Stevens, Chairman

Wm. G. Schirmer

Louis Emanuel

By-Laws of the Board of Trustees

Chapter I

Article 1. The officers of the Board shall be Chairman and a Secretary, who shall be elected by ballot at the stated meeting of the Board next succeeding the semi-annual elections of the College.

Article 2. The Chairman shall preside at the meetings of the Board, enforce the laws, preserve order, put all motions to vote, when seconded, and appoint the standing committees, excepting the Committee on Examination. He shall sign all drafts on the Treasurer. He shall give the casting vote where the Board is equally divided. At the request of three members in writing, he shall call special meetings of the Board.

Article 3. In the absence of the Chairman, a chairman pro tempore shall occupy the chair and perform the duties of the Chairman.

Article 4. In the election of any committee (other than the standing committees of the Board), unless otherwise ordered, it shall be the duty of the Chairman of the Board to nominate the first member of such committee, who may then be elected by the Board. The member so elected shall nominate the second member of the committee, who may then be likewise elected, and he in turn shall nominate the third member of the committee, and so on until the requisite number has been elected.

Article 5. The Secretary shall keep regular minutes of the proceedings of the Board and a list or roll of its members, preserve all its documents belonging thereto, certify all drafts of the Board upon the Treasurer, notify the members of the time and place of meeting at least one day previous, and furnish the chairman of all committees with a copy of the minutes of their appointment, as well as individuals of their election to membership. He shall also inform the Treasurer of persons so elected.

Chapter II

Of Committees and Their Duties.

Article 1. The standing committees of the Board (excepting the Committee on Examinations) shall each consist of three members of the College, to be appointed at the first stated meeting of the Board, and shall be as follows:

  1. A Committee on the Hall.
  2. A Committee on the Library.
  3. A Committee on the Cabinet and Apparatus.
  4. A Committee on the Herbarium.
  5. A Committee on Accounts.
  6. A Committee on Examinations.
  7. A Committee on Lectures.

Article 2. The Committee on the Hall shall have the general care of the Hall, and shall provide such conveniences as may be necessary for the accommodation of the College, the Board of Trustees and the School of Pharmacy.

Article 3. The Committee on Library shall procure with the funds placed at their disposal by the College and Board of Trustees such works on pharmacy, chemistry, and materia medica and the collateral sciences as they may deem proper to be placed in the Library; shall negotiate all exchanges of duplicates, and shall keep all books, pamphlets and manuscripts in good order for the use of the members and their apprentices subject to such rules and regulations as the Committee, with approbation of the Board, may adopt.

Article 4. The Committee on the Cabinet and Apparatus shall procure, with the funds placed at their disposal by the College and Board of Trustees, such specimens and apparatus illustrating pharmacy, chemistry, and materia medica and the collateral sciences as they may deem proper, and shall arrange them in proper order, subject to such rules and regulations as the Committee, with the approbation of the Board, may adopt.

Article 5. The Committee on Herbarium shall keep the Herbarium in order, shall collect plants and place them in a condition to be used in lectures on botany, materia medica, pharmacy, etc; shall effect exchanges and enter into correspondence with individuals, societies and colleges of our own and foreign countries.

Article 6. The Committee on Accounts shall examine and approve (by at least two of its members) all bills previous to their being presented to the Board for payment.

Article 7. The Committee on Examinations shall consist of five members, four of whom shall be of the Board of Trustees, and one shall be a professor in the College, and shall be elected by ballot annually at the stated meeting of the Board in December.

Article 8. The Committee on Examinations shall examine candidates for membership who are not Graduates in Pharmacy in reference to their fitness to conduct the business of druggist and apothecary, and shall report to the next stated meeting of the Board held after such examination.

Article 9. Immediately after the conclusion of the lectures, and in June, the Committee on Examinations, together with the Professors, shall receive and examine all original dissertations or theses presented to them by the candidates for the Diploma of the College, and shall carefully examine all candidates personally upon their qualifications to conduct business of druggist and apothecary in a reputable and scientific manner, and report their opinion jointly to the Board of Trustees at their next stated meeting after the examination, who shall decide finally upon all such applications for the Diploma of the College.

Article 10. The Committee on Examinations shall deliver to the Board of Trustees at the stated meeting at which they shall report, the theses and accompanying certificates of all candidates whom the Professors and the Committee may jointly recommend as suitable to receive the Diploma of the College, which documents shall then be placed in charge of the Library Committee.

Article 11. It shall be the duty of the Standing Committees on the Hall, the Library, the Cabinet and Apparatus and the Herbarium to report to the Board at their stated meetings in March and September, or oftener if necessary, whether any and what business has come before them relating to the duties respectively assigned them.

Chapter III

Of Meetings.

Article 1. The stated meetings of the Board of Trustees shall be held on the second Tuesday in every month.

Article 2. Special meetings may be called by resolution of the Board or at the request of three members in writing.

Article 3. At a special meeting, after the reading of the call for such meeting, the Board shall immediately proceed to the consideration of the business for which it was specially convened, and no other business shall be brought before it at such meeting.

Article 4. At an adjourned meeting, after the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting, business shall be taken up at the point where it was interrupted by the adjournment, and the ordinary order of business followed.

Article 5. As soon as seven members shall appear at or after the time appointed for meeting, the Chairman, or, in his absence, a chairman pro tempore shall take the chair and call the Board to order.

Article 6. In the absence of the Secretary, a secretary pro tempore shall be elected, who shall perform the duties of the Secretary until his arrival.

Article 7. After the Board has been organized, no member shall leave the room without permission from the Chairman.

Article 8. No motion shall be put until the mover, if required by the Chairman or member, shall have committed it to writing.

Article 9. At stated meetings, business shall proceed in the following order:

  1. Members present noted by the Secretary.
  2. Minutes of last meeting read, corrected, if necessary, and adopted.
  3. Unfinished and deferred business.
  4. Reports of Standing Committees.
  5. Reports of Special Committees.
  6. Presentation of bills.
  7. New business.
  8. Proposition of members.
  9. Election of members.
  10. Adjournment.

Article 10. Every member, when speaking, shall address the Chairman, and when a question is before the meeting no motion shall be received unless to amend, divide, commit, postpone, or to adjourn, and a motion to adjourn shall always be decided without debate.

Chapter IV

Of Election of Members.

Article 1. Members may be elected by the Board of Trustees as provided for in Section VII of the By-Laws of the College.

Article 2. Election of members shall be by ballot.

Article 3. If the election of any proposed candidate for membership be defeated, the name of such candidate shall not be recorded on the minutes.

Chapter V

Of Graduation.

Article 1. Every person upon whom a Diploma of this College shall be conferred must be of good moral character; must have arrived at the age of twenty-one years; have attended two courses of each of the lectures delivered in the College, or one course in the college and one course in some other respectable College of Pharmacy, the last of which must be in this College, or where there is no such college organized in his locality, in some respectable medical institution in which the same branches are taught.

Article 2. He shall have served an apprenticeship of at least four years with a person or persons qualified to conduct the drug or apothecary business, at least three years and three months of which must have expired before the examination, of which circumstances he must produce sufficient evidence.

Article 3. He shall also be required to produce an original dissertation or thesis upon some subject of the materia medica, pharmacy, chemistry, or one of the branches of science immediately connected therewith, which shall be written with neatness and accuracy in his own handwriting.

Article 4. The thesis, with the evidence of apprenticeship and diploma fee, shall be deposited with the senior Professor of the School on or before the 20th of February of the session in which the application shall be made.

Article 5. Students who are in the employ of members of the College shall pay for each matriculation ticket, two dollars; all others shall pay four dollars.

Article 6. Every student must obtain from the Secretary of the Board of Trustees a matriculation ticket for every session, but only the first matriculation ticket shall be charged for.

Article 7. The fee payable to each professor for each course of lectures shall be twelve dollars.

Article 8. The Diploma fee shall be ten dollars.

Article 9. Graduate and members of the College, and all students who have paid for two full courses of lectures in the College, shall be admitted to subsequent lectures gratuitously.

Article 10. The annual examination for degrees will be held early in the month of March, but a second examination will be held in the month of June, of which those students who may not have accomplished their term of service at the annual examination, and other qualified applicants, may avail themselves, notice of application for such examination having been given before the first day of June.

Article 11. Any student, who shall willfully and persistently annoy or disturb the professors and the class, or shall cause any damage to the property of the College, or to the apparatus or specimens exhibited by the professors, shall be liable for all such damage and also to expulsion from the class, with the forfeiture of his tickets.

Chapter VI

Article 1. Every proposition to alter or amend these By-Laws shall be submitted in writing at one stated meeting and may be balloted for at the next stated meeting, when, upon receiving two-thirds of the votes of the members present, it shall become a part of the By-Laws.

Chapter VII

Of Certificate of Proficiency.

Article 1. Every person, on whom the Certificate of Proficiency in Chemistry and Materia Medica be conferred, must conform to all the qualifications required from a candidate for graduation except as follows: The term of apprenticeship may be in the wholesale drug business exclusive of the dispensing department, or in the chemical or pharmaceutical manufacturing business. The candidates will not be required to undergo an examination on practical pharmacy. In case of a person holding such Certificate of Proficiency of Chemistry and Materia Medica hereafter producing satisfactory evidence to the Board of Trustees that he has served a term of at least two years with a person or persons engaged in and qualified to conduct the apothecary business, he shall be entitled to an examination by the Professor of Pharmacy and Committee on Examinations, and having attended two courses of lectures on practical pharmacy, and if recommended in writing by said professor and committee jointly to the Board of Trustees, and his application being approved by of them, he shall be entitled to the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy and to receive the Diploma of the College.

Article 2. Said person shall hand over to the College said Certificate of Proficiency of Chemistry and Materia Medica, upon the conferment of the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy and receipt of the Diploma of the College.

Article 3. No one of these By-Laws shall be suspended.